Morocco is particularly vulnerable to rising temperatures, changes in rainfall patterns and increased aridity, which contribute to the increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, such as severe droughts, floods, forest fires, heat and cold waves, storms, landslides, and locust invasions. A significant portion of Morocco's population and several key economic sectors are particularly vulnerable to these risks. The agricultural sector occupies a central place in Morocco's economy, representing more than 14% of the national value added and more than 39% of employment. The sector is highly vulnerable to climate change, having faced several years of drought in recent decades.
The technical assistance will take stock of low-carbon technologies in the agriculture and energy sectors, conduct a comprehensive identification of opportunities, gaps, barriers and technical and technological needs by sector (including estimates of associated costs and investment needs), develop two sectoral Technology Action Plans for the implementation of the LT-LEDS in these sectors, and hold awareness-raising and capacity building workshops. A gender analysis will also be conducted highlighting gender discrepancies in terms of access to resources and opportunities in the agriculture sector.
The technical assistance will build resilience in agricultural value chains as well as enhanced energy security for the country. The gender analysis will serve as a baseline for the development of an action plan for complementary measures in the future. The assistance will contribute to the achievement of Morocco’s updated NDC, which pledges to achieve 52% of installed electricity from renewable sources by 2030, including energy savings of 13.5% for the agriculture sector. The NDC also plans for adaptation measures in the agriculture sector, including investment of USD 3.5 billion in irrigation extension.