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Water safety plans are a risk management tool to ensure a safe drinking water supply for human consumption. Effective safety plans require a holistic approach to water management where all possible threats to drinking water quality in the supply chain, from catchment/supplier to consumer, are assessed and interventions to control contamination risks are enacted. A safe drinking water supply has important health benefits, and an inclusive planning approach allows stakeholders to take responsibility while educating on the importance of safe drinking water. Rather than attempting to increase water treatment capacity, water safety plans take a preventative approach, aiming to mitigate threats before they occur.
The primary objectives of water safety plans are to prevent contamination at the source, or anywhere throughout the storage and distribution system, and to treat water so that it meets predetermined quality indicators.