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Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)-Enabled Remote Monitoring of Rural Handpumps: A Proof-of-Concept Study

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This paper reports on the design and testing of a new water-point data transmitter that can provide reliable real-time data on hand pump usage to address this information deficit. Using a low-cost integrated-circuit based accelerometer, the transmitter automatically monitors the number of strokes made in operating a hand pump, and then transmits this information over the Global System for Mobile Communications network. This provides volumetric output estimates that can show daily to seasonal demand levels, including critical under-or over-usage information to inform repairs or to justify further investments. Information on rural water usage patterns can inform water supply infrastructure planning.

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