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Estimating the Spinning Reserve Requirements in Systems With Significant Wind Power Generation Penetration

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M.A. Ortega-Vazquez, D.S. Kirschen
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This paper proposes a technique to calculate the optimal amount of that a system operator should provide to be able to respond to not only generation outages but also errors in the forecasts for load and wind power production. The results show that an increased wind power penetration does not necessarily require larger amounts of spinning reserve.