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Assessing Impacts of Wind-Energy Development on Nocturnally Active Birds and Bats: A Guidance Document

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Thomas Kunz, Edward Arnett, Brian Cooper, Wallace Erickson, Ronald Larkin, Todd Mabee, Michael Morrison, Dale Strickland, Joseph Szewczak
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The primary objectives of this report are to: 1) assess potential impacts on resident and migratory species; 2) quantify fatality rates on resident and migratory populations; 3) determine the causes of bird and bat fatalities; and 4) develop, assess and implement methods for reducing risks to bird and bat populations and their habitats.