The present article documents increasing water abstraction and the difficulties in establishing limits for low flows such as the Q80 value (flow available on 80% of the days per year). The article also presents the role of water users" associations in mitigating water conflicts related to over-abstraction. Water users" associations are also involved in activities such as environmental education, awareness creation, improved irrigation practices, afforestation, and water regulation. Long-term data on availability, abstraction, and water use are needed to mitigate water conflicts within and between Water Users" Associations, negotiate water allocation, and establish allocation thresholds.
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