Available capacity-building support
Through the Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) projects we support governments to implement, including national adaptation planning projects and NDA strengthening, and our work on the NAP Global Support Programme, we have provided the following services:
- Technical advice on adaptation planning at various government levels;
- Technical advice on developing ecosystem-based climate risk assessments
- Economic valuation and appraisal of adaptation costs;
- Partnership development for implementation of early warning climate systems, reforestation and other EbA measures;
- Technical advice of linking livelihood development with ecosystem services;
- Project management capacity development;
- Technical support on environmental statistical systems and climate risk mapping.
- Technical support for design of EbA monitoring frameworks.
- Convening regional and global networks for capacity development around NAPs and EbA more generally.
- Development of guidance materials.
In collaboration with UNDP and other relevant bodies, to integrate ecosystems as a key element in national adaptation planning processes and in accordance with UNFCCC guidelines, the development of National Adaptation Planning (NAP) proposals is ongoing in several countries where the GCF funds readiness projects.
Approved or endorsed NAP projects are:
- Africa: Mauritania, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Eritrea, Malawi, Ghana
- Asia: Nepal, Mongolia, Pakistan, Iraq
- Latin America: Dominican Republic, Costa Rica
Projects in development are:
- Africa: Lesotho, Nigeria, Uganda, Sao Tome & Principe, South Sudan, Seychelles
- Asia and the Pacific: Myanmar, Vanuatu
- Latin America: Honduras, Panama, El Salvador
United Nations Environment Programme has supported climate risk assessments during EbA project development and implementation that can serve as inputs into NAP processes. These include:
- GCF project Gambia: Large scale ecosystem-based adaptation in The Gambia: developing a climate-resilient, natural resource-based economy. Project implementation started in January 2018. A baseline study was carried out between May and September 2018. This carried out a species suitability study for the land restoration component of the project. The modelling revealed changes in moisture levels for trees resulting from increases in temperatures and increased evapotranspiration rates.
- In Laos, climate change impacts were modelled in watersheds for six cities so that sustainable drainage systems/urban ecosystem-based adaptation could be designed. The climate change impact analysis estimated changes to rainfall and extreme changes, evaporation and temperature. It assessed vulnerability to exposure to flooding, and sensitivity (assessed through land use) to flood events. A qualitative assessment was carried out on the types of flood damage experienced. The climate change impact assessment was based on local and global data sets and CORDEX climate model projections.
- A climate vulnerability assessment was carried out in Benin (2018) based on the IPCC definition (exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity).
- Climate modelling and impact and vulnerability studies in four coastal areas in Madagascar.
- In Afghanistan, a United Nations Environment Programme EbA project supported climate change analysis through a technical report: “Climate Change Science Perspectives.” This report provided up-to-date information on climate change for policymakers and planners, including a series of maps and graphs outlining the past trends and predicted changes for five climatic regions of Afghanistan under RCP scenarios for temperature, annual precipitation, spring and winter precipitation, and extreme precipitation.
NAP Global Support Programme: NAPs projects
Since 2013, United Nations Environment Programme has been working in partnership with UNDP on the National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP GSP), which supports developing countries in establishing national adaptation planning processes. There have been four such projects under this programme, and three are ongoing. Key achievements emerging from the United Nations Environment Programme over the last three years for least (LDCs) and non-least developed (non-LDCs) countries include:
Non-LDC projects (closing in 2019): 375 national technicians from 112 developing (non-LDC) countries attended regional training workshops to increase their technical capacity to support key steps in their NAP processes. The NAP training packages were developed and delivered during 2016-2017. Three modules were developed and delivered in 2018. 146 national technicians participated in the NAP GSP training workshops from more than 37 LDC countries. The female participation is up to 47%.
Specific training events organized by United Nations Environment Programme, with participant numbers over LDC and non-LDC regions over the last three years, are as follows:
- NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for South America and Mexico - Bogota, Colombia, 25-27 October 2016- 25 national technicians (48 per cent of whom were women) from 11 non-LDCs
- NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for Central America - Panama City, Panama, 8-10 February 2017- 28 national technicians (50 per cent of whom were women) from 8 non-LDCs
- NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for the Middle East and North Africa - Amman, Jordan, 3-5 April 2017 - 37 national technicians (32.4 per cent of whom were women) from 12 non-LDCs
- NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for the Caribbean - Georgetown, Guyana, 31 May- 2 June 2017- 25 national technicians (60 per cent of whom were women) from 10 non-LDCs
- NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for Asia and the Pacific on 'Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Water Resources' - Seoul, Republic of Korea, 13-16 Sep 2017- 38 national technicians (31.6 per cent of whom were women) from 13 non-LDCs
- NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for African non-LDCs - Abidjan, Ivory Coast, 17-19 October 2017 - 20 national technicians (10 per cent of whom were women) from 11 non-LDCs
NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for the Pacific on 'Appraisal and Prioritization Tools for Adaptation options' - Nadi, Fiji, 28-31 May 2018- 24 national technicians (70.8 per cent of whom were women) from nine non-
- LDCs; 17 participants (9 women/53 per cent) from 5 LDCs (including Haiti)
- NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for Africa on 'Adaptation Financing" - Anglophone countries - in Kigali, Rwanda, 25-28 Sep 2018 9 non-LDCs -26 national technicians (61.5 per cent of whom were women) from 9 non-LDCs; 29 participants (12 women/41 per cent) from 10 LDCs
- NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for Africa on 'Adaptation Financing" - Francophone countries - in Kigali, Rwanda, 1-4 Oct 2018 - 6 national technicians (33.3 per cent of whom were women) from 7 non-LDCs; 35 participants (17 women/49 per cent) from 13 LDCs
- NAP-GSP Regional Training Workshop for Latin America on Innovation in Adaptation - Panama City, Panama, 24-26 Oct 2018 - 38 national technicians (71.1 per cent of whom were women) from 17 non-LDCs
- The NAP-GSP Inter-Regional Training Workshop for Asia and Africa – LDCs – Manila, Philippines, 15-16 Oct 2018 - 7 national technicians (57.1 per cent of whom were women) from 5 non-LDCs; 20 participants (6 women/30 per cent) from 9 LDCs
All materials and targeted training modules were uploaded on the NAP-GSP website, including various tools and methodologies which were delivered. These are available on the NAP-GSP website:
NAP GSP Negotiators capacity development project
In the period 2014-2018, at least 209 climate change negotiators from all 47 LDCs and the LDC Group on Climate Change, including 34% women, were empowered with skills, knowledge and tools to understand climate change risks and participate more effectively in intergovernmental climate change processes through trainings, knowledge products and South-South knowledge exchange.
Two Climate Change Diplomacy courses in English, with the second one translated into French, tailored for the specific needs of the LDCs were developed and made available to all LDCs during the previous reporting periods.
e-learning courses and face-to-face trainings. To date, 99 technical experts were nominated by LDC governments to follow the e-learning courses and had access to these courses. 72 technical experts from 23 LDC governments, including 42% women, have attended the e-learning courses. 50 of the participants completed the course successfully.
Four manuals and toolkits were developed in collaboration with the IIED. In consultation with the LDC Group Chair, the production of one manual was substituted with the production of an internal strategy paper to support the group for effective engagement in the climate change negotiations in 2017
The launch workshop for the Mauritania NAP project funded by GCF
An information article has been posted on the GSP-NAP website (see https://www.globalsupportprogramme.org/node/5435) and the Global Adaptation Network (GAN) website (see http://web.unep.org/ganadapt/press-release/launching-nap-process-mauritania).
The launch of Mongolia NAP “MONGOLIA ACHIEVES A MILESTONE IN NATIONAL ADAPTATION PLANNING” published on the following link on the joint UN Environment-UNDP National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme website:
- 23 Non-LDCs covered1
- 8+ events / Regional Training Workshops sections covering non-LDCs
- 50+ news items and features covering non-LDCs
- 5 blogs
NAP E-news and database
- Total of 11 e-news distributed – 3 in this reporting period
- Approx. 2,500 subscribers
NAP-GSP YouTube Channel
- 8 NAP-GSP ‘In conversation’ videos
There are various online communities to which NAP-GSP has participated in/supported to establish: - www.globalsupportprogramme.org
- NAP Expos 2015/2016/ 2017/2018
- APAN Forum 2016-2018:
- UNDP Climate Change Adaptation
- UNFCCC NAP Central
OP24 – Katowice, Dec 2018: NAP-GSP held a side event: Scaling up Adaptation: Promoting Synergies Between NDCs and NAPs. 4 LDC delegates took part in South-South knowledge exchange
- The first Regional NAP Expo in Latin America and the Caribbean in Oct 2018
APAN Forums in Oct 2018:
6th Asia Pacific Climate Change Adaptation Forum - Manila, Philippines: NAP-GSP supported:
- Technical session on innovation and technology to advance NAPs
- Communications, knowledge management and reporting
NAP-GSP facilitated sessions at the NAP Expo 2019, contributing to the exchange of knowledge, and enabling rich discussion on the challenges and opportunities in the process to formulate and implement NAPs. NAP-GSP support provided for event KM and communications
Other regional and global events (inc.):
NAP Global Network: NAP-GSP supported and contributed to knowledge exchange events implemented by the NAP GN:
- Peer Learning Summit on the role of the NAP process in advancing the implementation of the adaptation goals under the Paris Agreement – Bangkok, 1-2 October 2018
- The Regional NDC Dialogue for Asia and Arab States – Bangkok, 3-5 October 2018
UNEP-REGATTA is utilized to provide support to NAPs through various means including support for NAP funding, workshops, learning exchanges, technology transfer for the 18 countries of Latin America, in synergy with NAP-GSP.
NAP-GSP knowledge products:
- 11 ‘NAP in focus’ Country Case studies completed for non-LDCs: Albania, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ecuador, Morocco, Moldova, Egypt, PNG, Uruguay, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic
- Non-LDCS are also covered through 3 NAP Regional in Focus publications:
- NAP Regional in Focus - Asia-Pacific
- NAP Regional in Focus - the Caribbean
- NAP Regional in Focus - Africa