Background: Photovoltaics have thus far been largely based on semiconductors e.g. Si CdTe and cadmium indium selenide. Solar cells using these materials have increasingly been available commercially but still need improvement relative to stability cost and environmental concerns. A leading alternative solar-cell technology relies on photoelectrochemistry and the absorption and excited-state properties of dye molecules bound to a TiO2 substrate. Research on such dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) has targeted and achieved higher efficiency. The prevailing approach in fabricating DSSCs has been based on mesoporous random networks of TiO2 nanocrystals. This approach however suffers from increases in resistance and recombination losses. Technology Description: UC San Diego researchers have developed new dye sensitized solar-cells which are based on aligned TiO2 nanotubes that exhibit improved electron collection efficiency relative to earlier DSSCs. The invention’s architecture provides a direct and low-resistance conduit for electron capture while maintaining a very high surface area for covalently binding inorganic or organic sensitizers. With the invention light can be effectively absorbed even in the near-IR region because the path-length of the TiO2 nanotube layer is significantly greater than the thickness of the mesoporous TiO2 layer of traditional DSSCs. The invention provides embodiments that do not require transparent conductive glass at either electrode which leads to increased efficiency simplified and compact design and enhanced manufacturability. Patent Status: Published Application (Number 2012-0199189)
Improved electron collection efficiency relative to earlier DSSCs.
Published Application (US20120199189)