This article presents readers with the option of retaining three-wheeler taxis – with attention to better technology, maintenance and regulation – on the grounds that they perform a valuable role in the localities where they exist, and if they were removed the vehicles and travel practices that replaced them would produce increased congestion, road injuries and fatalities, air pollution and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. On these grounds, localities that do not have three-wheeler taxis might even consider introducing newer, cleaner-technology versions of them.
Oil to LPG
Oil to LPG
- Type:OrganisationKnowledge partnerCountry of registration:EcuadorRelation to CTCN:Network MemberKnowledge PartnerTA proponent
IIGE is a research institute that promotes development, innovation and transmission of technology focused on energy efficiency and renewable energy. The institute aims to contribute to the sustainable development of the Ecuadorian society, through the implementation of energy efficient and energy renewable policies and projects.
- Type:OrganisationKnowledge partnerCountry of registration:JapanRelation to CTCN:Network MemberKnowledge Partner
The Global Environment Centre Foundation (GEC) is an entity that supports the UNEP’s International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC), based in Japan. GEC is dedicated to the transfer of environmentally sound technologies, in both developing countries and countries with economies in transition. The foundation aims to contribute to Japan’s international efforts on the environment, sharing project collaborations as well as promoting Japan’s rich conservation knowledge and experience in developing nations.
This process enables the removal of mercury from LPG naphtha and natural gas condensates to 1 ppb level without the need for hydrogen. Applications include mercury removal at wellheads treatment for ethylene production and catalytic reforming. This process could realize lower CAPEX and OPEX compared with conventional processes. The process consists of the three processes Process A Process B and Process C. Process A includes adsorption Process B includes decomposition and adsorption and Process C includes decomposition stripping and adsorption.
JGC's MRG (Methane Rich Gas) process is low temperature steam reforming technology that hydrocarbons (such as LPG or naphtha) methanol or DME convert into methane. This process is applied to town gas production or the pre-reforming step of synthesis gas production for GTL etc. Using a JGC-developed catalyst this process has realized greater flexibility in operating conditions as well as greater space savings and energy savings.
LNG consists mainly of methane, which has a boiling point of –164 0C and for liquefaction requires cryogenic insulated tanks at about atmospheric pressure. Recent practice has been to liquefy the gas that is normally flared in oil fields in remote areas, but it can also be made from landfill gas when purified. LNG is about 1/614th the volume of natural gas at standard temperature and pressure, making it much more cost-efficient to transport over long distances, especially where pipelines do not exist. Similar to LPG, this portability is a major asset.
- Type:PublicationPublication date:Objective:Approach:
This research project aims to investigate the impacts from fossil fuel subsidy reform on poor women in Bangladesh, India and Nigeria. This initial scoping report finds no primary, quantitative research on the question of the gender-differentiated impact of fossil fuel subsidy reforms.
This document is a summary of a report called "Business Prospects for Solar Water Heating Fee-for-Service Operations in Brazil", originally published in Portuguese.
- Type:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
Tofu and tempe are fundamental to the Indonesian diet. Demand for these products is served by an industry of small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) employing 285000 workers in 85000 businesses. Production practices are extremely energy inefficient and environmentally damaging. Enterprises use firewood resulting in a per-factory emissions average of 450 tons CO2/year and sector-wide emissions of 30 million tons.
Generic guide to establishing IREUs in Africa