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Canada

Official Name:
Canada

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Orly Jacob
Position:
Manager, Energy and Environment Policy Division
Phone:
+1 613 853 9350
Emails:
orly.jacob@canada.ca

Energy profile

Canada (2014)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

Canada’s bulk transmission network consists of more than 160,000 kilometres of high voltage lines.Canada has three power grids: the Western grid, the Eastern grid, and the Quebec grid, which includes Atlantic Canada. The border between the Eastern and Western grids is the Alberta-Saskatchewan border. Canadian grids are also tied into the U.S. grids (the Western Interconnection, the Eastern Interconnection and the Texas Interconnection). For example, the electricity grid in Alberta and British Columbia is part of the Western Interconnection in the United States.

Renewable energy potential

Canada is a world leader in the production and use of renewable energy, with renewable energy representing 17% of Canada’s total primary energy supply. In the electricity sector, hydroelectricity is the largest renewable energy source in Canada, accounting for approximately 60% of Canada’s electricity generation. Other non-hydro renewable energy sources, such as biomass, wind, tidal and solar, contribute to increasing this share by 3% to over 63%. When adding nuclear energy, over 77% of Canada’s electricity generation does not emit greenhouse gases. Canada is the world’s third largest producer of hydroelectricity, and it is positioned ninth globally in terms of wind energy installed capacity. Canada also has one of the largest tidal barrage power plants in the world – the 20 MW Annapolis tidal power plant in Nova Scotia.SolarCanada has plentiful solar energy resources, with the most extensive resources being found in southern Ontario, Quebec and the Prairies. The territories have a smaller potential, and less direct sunlight, because of their higher latitude.With 559 MWp of installed photovoltaics in 2011, Canada ranked 14th among the world's countries. Ontario has a program of moving away from coal and promoting renewable resources which has led to a number of industrial-scale photovoltaic plants being built. Located in Sarnia, Ontario, the 97 MW Sarnia Photovoltaic Power Plant was briefly the largest solar farm in the world (in October 2010) and can power more than 12,000 homes. Other plants include the 23.4 MW Arnprior Solar Generating Station and a 68 MW solar farm is in Sault Ste. Marie.GeothermalThere is very little geothermal electricity generation in Canada at present but there is a potential for generating a substantial amount. The high-temperature sources can be used for generating electricity and the cooler sources can be used for local heating..Wind EnergyWind power has experienced strong growth in recent years. Over the projection period, it makes the largest contribution to non-hydro renewable growth. At the end of 2011, wind power generating capacity in Canada was 5,265 megawatts MW, providing some 2.3% of Canada's electricity demand. Ontario, Quebec and Alberta each had more than 1,000 MW of capacity. All provinces and territories, except Nunavut, had some commercial wind power in 2012.Biomass/ BiogasCanada’s biomass includes an abundance of sustainable, renewable, combustible and/or consumable vegetation and waste material, available Canada-wide. In a relatively energy-inefficient process, Canada is growing crops to produce ethanol as a vehicle fuel to replace oil. Canada has been producing ethanol from corn in Ontario and grain in the western provinces. As well as a fuel for light vehicles, biomass is being used to produce biodiesel and aviation fuel.HydroHydroelectric power is the greatest source of power generation in Quebec, British Columbia, Manitoba and Newfoundland-Labrador. All four provinces have extensive potential hydro power resources aggregating some 30.000 MWe. Some potential hydro power resources exist in northern Ontario and one on the Slave River in Alberta. Canadian-developed, high voltage direct current transmission may make these remote resources viable options.

Energy framework

Negotiations toward a Canadian energy strategy have been taking place through the Council of the Federation, an organization composed of Canada’s provincial and territorial governments.In 2007, Canada’s premiers released A Shared Vision for Energy in Canada, a policy document outlining a series of priorities for interprovincial cooperation on energy. It sets out an action plan to facilitate development of renewable and green energy, promote conservation and efficiency, accelerate research and development, and provide for secure and reliable energy transmission and distribution. Through 2012 and 2013, the premiers have updated and expanded the document, presenting it as the basis for a new Canadian energy strategy.In late April 2013, the premiers of Manitoba, Alberta and Newfoundland and Labrador met with media to provide an overview of negotiations. Discussions were grouped around three broad areas, with three provinces taking a lead in each area. Grouped under the three broad categories is a 10-point plan (see Canadian Energy Strategy: 10 Action Areas), with each “action item” represented by a provincial working group.Most of the action items covered in the 10 points have direct or indirect implications for local governments and communities. The emphasis on energy infrastructure and new regulatory processes is of key interest to local governments. Premiers charged with developing a path toward a Canadian energy plan say the next stage is to consult Canadians. Implementation of a national energy strategy will necessarily involve laws, policies, economic instruments and tools that have important local government implications.Energy Efficiency ActThe Energy Efficiency Act, which took effect in 1992 and was amended in 2009 to expand its scope and effectiveness, provides for the creation and enforcement of regulations on the energy efficiency of products, and supports the pursuit of an energy market transformation in Canada through the replacement of the least efficient products with high-efficiency, cost-effective ones.Provincial governments are also major contributors to energy efficiency in their respective provinces through the establishment of energy-efficient building codes, equipment standards, etc.ecoENERGY Programmes Running until 2016, the ecoENERGY Efficiency Program targets energy efficiency improvements in all end-use sectors, making the housing, building and equipment stock more energy-efficient, energy performance more visible, and industry and vehicle operations more efficient.  The OEE also delivers the ecoENERGY for Biofuels, which supports the production of renewable alternatives to gasoline and diesel and encourages the development of a competitive domestic industry, and the ecoENERGY for Alternative Fuels, which supports the diversification of energy used in the transportation sector through education and outreach activities and codes and standards development for natural gas.

Source
Static Source:
  • Energy, Climate Change and Environment 2016 Insights

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This publication examines the sectors, technologies and policy measures that will be central in the transition to a low-carbon energy system. It addresses the following questions: (1) What are the roles of coal and gas in meeting the stringent decarbonisation requirements for the power sector consistent with IEA modelling of global climate goals? (2) What are moderate carbon prices accomplishing in the electricity sector, and how can they be helpful as part of a package of other policies?

  • USAID Climate Action Review: 2010-2016

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:

    This report reviews what USAID and its partners have accomplished over six years. It describes how USAID ‘s climate work has evolved, summarizes its major achievements, and distills lessons learned and shares examples from a portfolio of activities across more than 40 countries and regional USAID missions.

  • Bishop Land Design

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Bishop Land Design (BLD) is a collaborative studio founded on the principle of solving environmental and ecological issues through the study of human ecology. As human ecologists the research of BLD focuses on the interaction of our species with the environment by finding ways to increase productive and hybridized living systems to create positive gain.

  • Factor Ideas Integral Services, S.L.

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Spain
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Factor is an international organization specialized in providing global, innovative and sustainable solutions in areas such as climate change, carbon markets, energy, green growth and sustainability. Established in March 2004, Factor is already present in 6 countries and 4 continents with 7 offices providing solutions to over 380 clients in 30 countries, having developed more than 1100 projects.

    Factor is globally recognized:

    - For being a referent in climate change related areas and climate resilient development;

  • CPCS Transcom Limited

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    CPCS Transcom Limited (CTL) is a management consulting firm providing high value-added power sector advisory services to meet the needs of clients by developing structures that meet public objectives while ensuring bankable projects for investors and operators. CTL's projects typically include:

    • Restructuring and Regulatory Framework;

    • Transaction Advisory;

    • Project Development including feasibility studies;

    • Institutional Analysis – Business and Strategic Planning;

    • Due Diligence and Market Studies; and

    • GIS.

  • Greenhouse Gas Management Institute

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Knowledge partner
    Country of registration:
    United States
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member
    Knowledge Partner

    GHGMI educates professionals on GHG accounting, auditing and management; trains professionals to meet the highest standards of expertise and ethical conduct; and conducts forward-looking research into critical GHG measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) issues. GHGMI offers online courses, as well as workshops, courses and institutional academic partnerships. GHGMI's programing equips learners in all countries with the knowledge to succeed in reporting under the Paris Agreement.

  • Le Groupe-conseil baastel

    Type: 
    Organisation
    Country of registration:
    Canada
    Relation to CTCN:
    Network Member

    Founded in 1989, Le Groupe-conseil baastel (BAASTEL) has the mission of contributing to sustainable development. Baastel aims to strengthen the coherence of development issues for a multitude of actors and to improve the effectiveness of development aid in general. Baastel works in sectors that are distinct but complimentary in terms of sustainable development, notably in Environment, Disaster Risk Management (DRM) and Reduction (DRR), and Social Development. In addition, Baastel offers trainings in Result-Based Management (RBM) and language services.

  • The Evidence of Benefits for Poor People of Increased Renewable Electricity Capacity: Literature Review

    Type: 
    Publication
    Publication date:
    Objective:
    Sectors:

    This report provides the results of a review of the evidence that investments in electricity-generating capacity have benefits for poor people, and what factors influence that relationship. The review begins by elucidating a theory to break down the causal chain between additional renewable electricity generation capacity and poverty impacts in four stages or links, which can be formulated as four research questions: (1) What is the link between increased renewable electricity capacity and higher availability and reliability of supply?