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Argentina

Official Name:
Argentine Republic

National Designated Entity

Type of organisation:
Government/Ministry
Name:
Ms. Silvia Beatriz Vasquez
Position:
Director of Environmental Affairs
Phone:
+54-11 4819-7405
Emails:
digma@mrecic.gov.ar

Energy profile

Argentina (2012)

Type: 
Energy profile
Energy profile
Extent of network

National electrification rate (2003): 95%In urban areas: 98%In rural areas: 70%.

Renewable energy potential

Industry observers believe that Argentina has the potential to significantly expand its hydroelectric generating capacity, as the country has only exploited an estimated 20% of its surveyed hydroelectric potential.HydropowerThere are currently over 14 hydropower plants with generation capacities ranging from 100 MW to 3,200 MW. The two largest hydropower generation plants rely on bi-national projects: the 3,200 MW Yacyretá plant (Argentina and Paraguay) and the 1,890 MW Salto Grande plant (Argentina and Uruguay). A third hydroelectric project of 3,000 MW on the Paraná (Argentina and Paraguay) is under evaluation by both governments.Wind energyThe Argentine region has a very large wind potential. The Chubut Wind Power Regional Centre (CREE) estimated the theoretical potential for the region at 500 GW of electricity generation. This large potential is still largely unexploited. One of the reasons for this underdevelopment is that existing tariffs and incentives do not make wind power development attractive enough yet. However, the main deterrent to wind power development in the region has been the lack of transmission lines that connect the Patagonia region with the National Interconnected System. The completion of the Choele-Choel-Puerto Madryn high voltage line, the first section of Línea Patagónica, under the framework of the Plan Federal de Transporte de Energía Eléctrica eliminated this bottleneck in March 2006. Argentina installed new wind turbines in 2010 with a capacity of 25,3 MW.Solar energyIn April 2011, the first solar energy park in Latin America, Photovoltaic Pilot Plant San Juan I, opened in Ullum, province of San Juan. It is the first in a series of seven alternative energy ventures, including the photovoltaic plants of Cañada Honda (Sarmiento), and La Chimbera (May 25), which will produce a total of 20 MW, the energy consumed by approximately 25,000 homes.

Energy framework

To deal with the energy crisis, the Government introduced different plans and programs.National Energy Plan 2004-2008 (Plan Energético Nacional). This plan contemplates several mechanisms to be applied during the specified period of time. Some of the measures are:- Implementation of the Argentine-Venezuelan Agreement for the provision of fuel oil.- Continuous importation form Brazil.- Execution of the rational energy consumption program for natural gas and electric energy.Emergency Programs: with Energía Eléctrica Distribuida I and II Programmes, ENARSA installed small transportable units and floating power plants to support main Argentine provinces during periods of peak generation.New projects directed to increase the Argentinean generation capacity such as Atucha II.  This 750 MW NucleoEléctrica Argentina S.A. (NASA) nuclear plant remains under construction.Rural electrification program with renewable energies (Programa de Energías Renovables en Mercados Eléctricos Rurales - PERMER) which was due to end in 2008, but has been extended to 2011.

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