Vulnerability, Risk Reduction, and Adaptation to Climate Change: Solomon IslandsType:PublicationPublication date:
This country profile synthesizes relevant data and information for disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change, and it is designed as a quick reference source for development practitioners to better integrate climate resilience in development planning and operations. Sections in the profile include a climate baseline and climate future; climate change impacts on natural hazard vulnerability; sectoral climate risk reduction recommendations; existing adaptation framework/strategy/policy and institutional setup; and research, data and information gaps.
Potential Net Benefits from Improved Energy Efficiency of Key Electrical Products: The Case of India, with Extension to South Asia, the Middle East, and AfricaType:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
The report estimates the net benefits that cost-effective improvements in energy efficiency can bring to developing countries. The study focuses on four major electrical products in the world"s second largest developing country, India. These products - refrigerators, room air conditioners, electric motors, and distribution transformers - are important targets for efficiency improvement in India and in other developing countries.
Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)-Enabled Remote Monitoring of Rural Handpumps: A Proof-of-Concept StudyType:PublicationSectors:
This paper reports on the design and testing of a new water-point data transmitter that can provide reliable real-time data on hand pump usage to address this information deficit. Using a low-cost integrated-circuit based accelerometer, the transmitter automatically monitors the number of strokes made in operating a hand pump, and then transmits this information over the Global System for Mobile Communications network.
Leveraging co-benefits between gender equality and climate action for sustainable developmentType:PublicationPublication date:Objective:Approach:
Leveraging co-benefits between gender equality and climate action for sustainable development - Mainstreaming Gender Considerations in Climate Change Projects
Technology Roadmap: Solar Photovoltaic EnergyType:PublicationPublication date:
Since 2010, the world has added more solar photovoltaic (PV) capacity than in the previous four decades. Total global capacity overtook 150 gigawatts (GW) in early 2014
The geographical pattern of deployment is rapidly changing. While a few European countries, led by Germany and Italy, initiated large-scale PV development, since 2013, the People’s Republic of China has led the global PV market, followed by Japan and the United States
PV system prices have been divided by three in six years in most markets, while module prices have been divided by five
Evaluating Public Transit Benefits and CostsType:PublicationPublication date:
This guidebook describes how to create a comprehensive framework for evaluating the full impacts of a particular transit service or improvement. It discusses best practices for transit evaluation and identifies common errors that distort results. Many of the techniques in this guide can be used to evaluate other modes, such as ridesharing, cycling and walking.
Climate Change and ResponseType:PublicationPublication date:
Recent scientific developments indicate that climate change may be a far greater problem than previously feared. Climate change is on every country"s agenda, so what does it mean for organizations in the Asia Pacific region?
Climate Change: Energy Infrastructure Risks and Adaptation EffortsType:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
This report examines (1) what is known about potential impacts of climate change on U.S. energy infrastructure, (2) measures that can reduce climate-related risks and adapt energy infrastructure to climate change and (3) the role of the federal government in adapting energy infrastructure and adaptation steps selected federal entities have taken.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space StudiesType:PublicationPublication date:
The climate modeling program at GISS is primarily aimed at the development of coupled atmosphere-ocean models for simulating Earth's climate system. Primary emphasis is placed on investigation of climate sensitivity --globally and regionally--including the climate system's response to diverse forcings such as solar variability, volcanoes, anthropogenic and natural emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols and paleo-climate changes.
NASA's Global Change Master Directory (GCMD)Type:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
The GCMD holds more than 29,000 Earth science dataset and service descriptions, which cover subject areas within the Earth and environmental sciences.Í The project mission is to assist researchers, policymakers and the public in the discovery of and access to data, related services and ancillary information (which includes descriptions of instruments and platforms) relevant to global change and Earth science research.Í Within this mission, the directory also offers online authoring tools to providers of data and services, facilitating the capability to make their products available to the E
Effects of a Special Solar Collector Greenhouse on Water Balance, Fruit Quantity and Fruit Quality Of TomatoesType:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
To reverse the water deficit problems induced by the variable and changing climate, a new agronomic approach was developed to produce tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum L.) in a sustainable way by using a special solar collector greenhouse consisting of finned tube heat exchangers on the quantity and quality of fruit, water use efficiency and water balance.
Agroforestry Systems in a Changing Climate: Challenges in Projecting Future PerformanceType:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
Agroforestry systems are complex assemblages of ecosystem components, each of which responds to climate. Whereas climate change impacts on crops grown in monocultures can reasonably well be projected with process-based crop models, robust models for complex agroforestry systems are not available. Yet, impact projections are needed because of the long planning horizons required for adequate management of tree-based ecosystems.
World Water and Climate AtlasType:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
The IWMI World Water and Climate Atlas gives irrigation and agricultural planners rapid access to accurate data on climate and moisture availability for agriculture. The Atlas includes monthly and annual summaries for precipitation, temperature, humidity, hours of sunshine, evaporation estimates, wind speed, total number of days with and without rainfall, days without frost and Penman-Montieth reference evapotranspiration rates.
CommunityViz planning software is an extension for ArcGIS Desktop. Planners, resource managers, local and regional governments, and many others use CommunityViz to help them make decisions about development, land use, transportation, conservation and more. A GIS-based decision-support tool, CommunityViz "shows" you the implications of different plans and choices.
Board on Environmental Change and Society: National Academy of SciencesType:PublicationPublication date:
This mission of the Board on Environmental Change and Society (BECS) is to "increase problem-focused understanding of coupled human-environment systems" and "inform transitions to improved human well-being in the face of environmental change." BECS evolved from the Committee on Human Dimensions of Global Change, which helped guide research on the interactions of human activities and the environment, and also provided a forum for linking the social and natural sciences in research, planning and decision-making.
Climate Risk and Adaptation Country ProfilesType:PublicationPublication date:
This interactive map of 51 climate risk and adaptation profiles offers a platform to guide access, synthesis and analysis of relevant country data and information for disaster risk reduction and adaptation to climate change. The profiles aim to provide a quick reference for development practitioners so that they can better integrate climate resilience in development planning and operations.
Climate Information Portal - CIPType:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
CIP is a web interface that integrates two important information sources into one easy to use interface. The first important source is a climate database that stores and manages queries to a large suite of observational climate data as well as projections of future climate. The second important source of information is an extensive collection of guidance documentation that facilitates the best use of the climate data, it's interpretation and, importantly, resultant actions.
Free Access Climate Change Data of WorldbankType:PublicationPublication date:Sectors:
Freely available climate and climate-related data is essential to catalyze the changes in policies, investments and technologies that will be needed if we are to move towards a climate-smart future. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a central hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. With this portal you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate and climate-related information. Open data: all of the climate data featured on the Climate Change Knowledge Portal has been published as open data resources.
Climate Change Knowledge PortalType:PublicationPublication date:
This website represents a tool for accessing global, regional, and country data related to climate change and development. The portal is intended to provide development practitioners with a resource to explore, evaluate, synthesize and learn about climate-related vulnerabilities and risks at multiple levels of detail. It contains environmental, disaster risk, and socio-economic datasets, as well as synthesis products, such as the Climate Adaptation Country Profiles. It features spatially referenced data visualized on a Google Maps interface.
Climate Change Adaptation in Fisheries and Aquaculture: Compilation of Initial ExamplesType:PublicationPublication date:
This circular contains a selection of current and recent climate change adaptation activities and measures in the fisheries and aquaculture sector. These examples provide an overview of the types of adaptation activities and programmes rather than a comprehensive review of adaptation activities addressing fisheries and/or aquaculture. Some of the highlighted activities are specifically targeted at addressing climate change impacts in fisheries or aquaculture, and others address related areas (e.g.